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英语小测验

语法:直接引语和间接引语

引用他人的话有两种方式:一种是直接引用说话者的原话,这叫直接引语 direct speech;另一种是用自己的话转述说话者的原话,这叫间接引语 reported speech。学习直接引语和间接引语最让人头疼的就是时态的变换。通过这个小测验来学习和检查你对引语时态、句型变换的掌握。

1. What is the correct reporting of this sentence? “I will pick you up after work,” said Paul.

a) Paul said he picks me up after work.

b) Paul said he picked me up after work.

c) Paul said he did pick me up after work

d) Paul said he would pick me up after work.

2. What is the correct direct speech of this reported speech? Susie said she could speak five languages.

a) “I can speak five languages,” said Susie.

b) “I can’t speak five languages,” said Susie.

c) “I speak five languages,” said Susie.

d) “I am speaking five languages,” said Susie.

3. What is the correct reporting of the following sentence? “You should see a doctor,” said my mum.

a) My mum offered to see a doctor.

b) My mum advised me to see a doctor.

c) My mum promised me to see a doctor.

d) My mum reminded me to see a doctor.

4. What is the correct reporting of the following sentence? “I am the best student in this class!” said Peter.

a) Peter warned that he was the best student in the class.

b) Peter complained that he was the best student in the class.

c) Peter boasted that he was the best student in the class.

d) Peter wondered that he was the best student in the class.

5. What is the correct reporting of the following sentence? “I have been to many foreign cities,” she said.

a) She said she have been to many foreign cities.

b) She said she was in many foreign cities.

c) She said she had been to many foreign cities.

d) She said she had been seen in many foreign cities.

6. What is the correct direct speech of this reported speech? He said he had seen me the day before.

a) “I saw you yesterday,” he said.

b) “I saw you today,” he said.

c) “I see you yesterday,” he said.

d) “I’ll see you tomorrow,” he said.

答案

1) d, 2) a, 3) b, 4) c, 5) c, 6) a.

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