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随身英语

The good of gardening 园艺疗法益心养神

有没有抑郁的时候?也许你应该尝试“园艺疗法”。研究发现在花园里挖挖种种能使我们心情愉悦,快乐感倍增。本期《随身英语》带你了解“园艺疗法”背后的故事。

课文内容

词汇:T herapy 疗法

Do you have a hobby that helps you relax and unwind? For some people, there is no better way to switch off than spending time in the garden. This small private area of green space can be their oasis of calm.

It's no wonder some of us turn to gardening as a form of therapy. A survey conducted by the Royal Horticultural Society, found that 82% of people in the UK said that gardening makes them happier. It also found that 70% of them, given the choice, would prefer to spend their working day in the garden with just 9% opting for an office.

For those with green fingers, the pleasure of gardening comes from getting out in the fresh air, in all weathers and communing with nature – even if there are a few too many creepy-crawlies! It can also be seen as a sort of digital-detox – time away from technology. Some experts actually believe that getting outside to dig and plant things acts as a 'natural high'.

Dr Christopher Lowry, a neuroscientist at the University of Colorado, injected a bacterium commonly found in soil into mice to see what affect this would have on them. He found the bacterium had a similar effect on the mice as an antidepressant drug might.  When we dig in soil we ingest this bacterium through our lungs or cuts in our skin so Dr Lowry concluded that since the mice seemed happier when treated with soil bacteria, it's likely we would be too.

Gardening can also be used as a way of treating addiction. There's evidence that recovering alcoholics who have been given the opportunity to plant, grow, and even sell their produce, have managed to stop their addictive habits. Scot Stephenson, for example, got expelled from school and started a vocational qualification in gardening. He says "I got my NVQ level 2 which is my first qualification and enjoyed it ever since."

Whatever the reason, there are many therapeutic benefits to getting your hands dirty, doing some physical hard work and then watching your garden grow. Does this sound like your idea of fun?

词汇表

unwind 放松,减压
switch off 不在关注(工作或另人精神紧张的事情)
oasis of calm 宁静的一刻
therapy (非药物)疗法
green fingers 园艺能手
communing 与(大自然)交流、融为一体
creepy-crawlies 爬虫,蠕虫
digital-detox 数码排毒
natural high (不靠药物)自然的兴奋、高兴
bacterium 细菌(复数为 bacteria)
antidepressant drug 抗抑郁药物
addiction 嗜好,瘾
recovering alcoholics 目前滴酒不沾的酗酒者
expelled 被开除
vocational 职业技术的

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What phrase used in the article, describes someone who likes gardening?

2.  True or false? In a survey, a majority of people found gardening made them less happy.

3.  What word used in the article means 'absorb' or 'take into the body'?

4.  How have some recovering alcoholics been able to control or stop their addiction?

5. What is the adjective form of therapy?

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. The garden in the middle of the city provided an _________ for those who wanted somewhere quiet to eat their lunch.

oasis of noise         oasis of calm         osias of calm         clammy oasis  

2.  Extra oxygen was pumped into the shop to give customers a __________ when they were shopping.

nature high         green fingers         natural high         digital-detox

3. I've had to cut up my credit cards to help me quit my ________ to buying shoes!
therapy         communing         addiction         natural high

4. To help me __________, I usually have a bath and listen to some relaxing music.
wind up         get windy         switch on         unwind

5. David was __________ after starting a fight in the school dining room.
expelled         banned         executed         expelling

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What phrase used in the article, describes someone who likes gardening?
(having) green fingers

2. True or false? In a survey, a majority of people found gardening made them less happy.
False. The survey  found 82% of people (a majority) in the UK said that gardening makes them happier.

3. What word used in the article means 'absorb' or 'take into the body'?
ingest

4. How have some recovering alcoholics been able to control or stop their addiction?
Having the opportunity to plant, grow, and even sell their produce,

5. What is the adjective form of 'therapy'?
therapeutic

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. The garden in the middle of the city provided an oasis of calm for those who wanted somewhere quiet to eat their lunch.   

2. Extra oxygen was pumped into the shop to give customers a natural high when they were shopping.

3. I've had to cut up my credit cards to help me quit my addiction to buying shoes!

4. To help me unwind, I usually have a bath and listen to some relaxing music.

5. David was expelled after starting a fight in the school dining room.

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