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内容来源:BBC英语教学

英语小测验

语法:引语动词

在交流中,有时我们需要引用他人的观点或者换一种方式来理解别人说的话。在这种情况下,我们就会用到 reporting verbs 引语动词,比如:suggest、claim、support,都属于这一类型的动词,可以用来引用他人说的话。你能分辨清楚各种引语动词的用法吗?

1. Which sentence reports the following direct speech correctly?
“You should read all the exam questions before you attempt to answer,” said the teacher.

a) The teacher expected the students to read all of the exam questions before attempting to answer.

b) The teacher promised the students to read all of the exam questions before attempting to answer.

c) The teacher offered the students to read all of the exam questions before attempting to answer.

d) The teacher advised the students to read all of the exam questions before attempting to answer.

2. Which sentence is the correct direct speech for the following reported sentence?
He vowed to return for us before nightfall.

a) “I swear I’ll come back for you before it gets dark,” he said.

b) “I expect I’ll come back for you before it gets dark,” he said.

c) “I reckon I’ll come back for you before it gets dark,” he said.

d) “I guess I’ll come back for you before it gets dark,” he said.

3.Which sentence reports the following direct speech correctly?
“I aim to study for a Master’s degree in the UK when I have finished my studies here,” she said.

a) She offered to study for a Master’s degree in the UK following her studies at home.

b) She intends to study for a Master’s degree in the UK following her studies at home.

c) She refuses to study for a Master’s degree in the UK following her studies at home.

d) She demanded to study for a Master’s degree in the UK following her studies at home.

4. Which sentence is the correct direct speech for the following reported sentence?
She offered to babysit the kids while we go out for a meal.

a) “I am too busy to look after the kids tonight,” she said.

b) “Why don’t you get a babysitter to mind the kids while you go out for a meal?” she said.

c) “If you like, I can mind the kids while you go out tonight,” she said.

d) “Let’s get a babysitter and go out for a meal,” she said.

5. Which sentence reports the following direct speech correctly?
“The government needs to make housing more affordable for young families,” said the councillor.

a) He called on the government to do more about the housing shortage.

b) He recalled that the government promised to do more about the housing shortage.

c) He promised to do more about the housing shortage.

d) He revealed that the government would do more about the housing shortage.

6.Which sentence is the correct direct speech for the following reported sentence?
The supplier has guaranteed they will get the parts to us by the end of the week.

a) “I can’t be certain that the parts will be with you by the end of the week,” said the supplier.

b) “I expect the parts will probably get to you by the end of the week,” said the supplier.

c) “I believe that the parts will be with you by the Friday," said the supplier.

d) “I give you my word that you’ll have the parts by Friday,” said the supplier.

答案

1) d, 2) a, 3) b, 4) c, 5) a, 6) d. 

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