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摘要:一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。

一、一般过去时的定义

一般过去时表示过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night, once upon a time, the other day, in the past 等连用,这个时间也可以通过从句或上下文等来表示。如:

What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

I couldn't sew until I was six. 我直到六岁时才会用针缝东西。

二、一般过去时的应用

   1. 一般过去时表示过去

     (1) 表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态:

       He bought the computer five years ago. 这电脑是他五年前买的。

     (2) 表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作:

       We often played together when we were children.我们小时候常在一起玩。

       注:表过去习惯性的动词,也可用used to或would:

       He used to go to work by bus. 他过去常乘公共汽车去上班。

  2. 一般过去时表示现在

     (1) 在宾语从句中,由于时态呼应的关系,可用一般过去时表示现在:

       I didn't know you were here. 我不知道你在这儿。(were实际上指现在)

     (2) 表示客气委婉的现在

       I wondered if you were free this evening. 不知您今晚是否有空。

       注:能这样有的动词主要限于want, wonder, think, hope, intend等少数动词。

     (3) 用于某些特殊结构中表示现在

        It's time we started. 我们该动身了。

        I wish I knew his him. 要是我知道他的名字就好了。

       注:该用法主要用于it's time, I wish, I'd rather, if only, as if, as though 等少数结构后接从句的情形,其中有些结构后面的句子还可用一般过去时表示将来:

       I'd rather you come next Monday. 我宁愿你下周星期一来。

      另外表主观想法的虚拟条件句也用一般过去时表示现在:

      If I had the money now I'd buy a car. 假若我现在有钱,我就买辆小汽车

三、典型考题(附详解)

    1. Helen ______ her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband ______ home.

    A. has left; comes B. left; had come C. had left; came D. had left; would come

    解析:答案选 C。leave 应发生在 had to wait 这个过去动作之前,“过去的过去”用过去完成时; 后一空用一般过去时表示过去将来。

    2. — Nancy is not coming tonight.

       —But she ______!

    A. promises B. promised C. will promise D. had promised

    解析:答案选 B。“但她曾经答应要来的”,过去的许诺,故用一般过去时。

    3. —You haven't said a word about my new coat, Brenda. Do you like it?

       —I'm sorry I ______ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it's pretty on you.

    A. wasn't saying B. don't say C. won't say D. didn't say

    解析:答案选 D。用一般过去时,指“我刚才没急于说”。

    4. All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctor, her nervousness ______.

    A. has grown B. is growing C. grew D. had grown

    解析:答案选 C。紧张伴随等的过程而产生,应同时发生,waited 是一般过去时,grow 也用一般过去时。

    5. I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he ______ it.

    A. doesn't mention B. hadn't mentioned C. didn't mention D. hasn't mentioned

    解析:答案选 C。只描述过去所发生的情况,但没有强调对现在的影响,用一般过去时。


   图片来源:高品图像

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