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第一篇:文化类必备

剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。(149词)

参考译文(官方)

Part IV Translation

Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cuttings is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends. (101words)

相关话题词汇拓展:

24节气 24 solar terms

京剧 Peking opera

昆曲 Kunqu opera

中国画 traditional Chinese painting

人物画 portrait

秦腔 Qin opera

功夫Kungfo

太极Tai Chi

口 技 ventriloquism

木偶戏puppet show

皮影戏 shadow play

折子戏 opera highlights

杂技 acrobatics

相声 witty dialogue comedy

刺绣 embroidery

苏绣 Suzhou embroidery

泥人 clay figure

书法 calligraphy

中国画 traditional Chinese painting

水墨画 Chinese brush painting

中国结 Chinese knot

论语 Analects of Confucius

发明纸和瓷器 invented paper and porcelain

发明火药 invention of gunpowder

发明印刷术 printing was invented

科举制 Imperial Examination for recruiting civil servants

丝绸之路 Silk Route

山水 landscape painting

花鸟 flower and bird

草虫 grass and insect

泼墨 paint-splashing style

写意 impressionistic style

工笔 elaborate style

毛笔 writing brush

书法 calligraphic art

书法家 calligraphic artist

楷体 formal script/regular script

行书 running script

宋体 Song-dynasty script

工艺品 handwork/handicrafts

手工艺品 articles of handcraft art

文物 cultural relics/antiques

国宝 national treasure

人民大会堂 Great Hall of the People

故宫博物馆 Imperial Palace Museum

第二篇:教育读书类

中国教育工作者早就认识到读书对于国家的重要意义。有些教育工作者2003年就建议设立全民读书日。他们强调,人们应当读好书,尤其是经典著作,通过阅读,人们能更好地学会感恩、有责任心和与人合作,而教育的目的正是要培养这些基本素质。阅读对于中小学生尤为重要,假如他们没有在这个关键时期培养阅读的兴趣,以后要养成阅读的习惯就很难了。

For a long time, educational workers in China have come to realize the significance of reading for the nation. Since 2003, some of them have suggested that a National Day for Reading should be set up. They emphasize that people should read good books, especially classic ones. Through reading, individuals can better learn to be grateful, responsible and cooperative with others. And the purpose of education is to cultivate these basic qualities. Reading is of vital importance for students in primary and middle schools,because if they do not foster interest of reading in this key period, it will be difficult for them to develop the habit of reading in future.

相关话题拓展:

素质教育 quality-oriented education

填鸭式教学 cramming method of teaching

希望工程Project Hope

走读生 extern; non-resident student

住宿生boarder研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student)

应届毕业生 graduating student; current year’s graduate

校园数字化 campus digitalization

校园文化 campus culture

学汉语热 enthusiasm in learning Chinese

学历教育 education with record of formal schooling

高等学府 institution of higher education

综合性大学 comprehensive university

文科院校 colleges of (liberal) arts

理工科大学 college / university of science and engineering

师范学院 teachers’ college; normal college

高分低能 high scores and low abilities

高考(university/college) entrance examination

高校扩招 the college expansion plan

教育界 education circle

教育投入 input in education

九年义务教育 nine-year compulsory education

考研 take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

课外活动 extracurricular activities

必修课 required/compulsory course

选修课 elective/optional course

基础课 basic courses

专业课 specialized courses

课程表 school schedule

教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

学习年限 period of schooling

学历 record of formal schooling

学分 credit

启发式教学 heuristic teaching

人才交流 talent exchange

人才战 competition for talented people

商务英语证书 Business English Certificate (BEC)

适龄儿重入学率 enrollment rate for children of school age

升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade; enrollment rate

硕博连读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

学龄儿重school-ager

学前教育 preschool education

学生减负 alleviate the burden on students

应试教育 exam-oriented education

职业道德 work ethics; professional ethics

记者招待会press conference

国家教委 State Education Commission

国家统计局 State Statistical Bureau

职业培训job training

职业文盲 functional illiterate

智力引进 recruit/introduce (foreign) talents

智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)

助学行动 activity to assist the impoverished students

文章来源:siliujiba

图片来源:高品图像


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