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中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会开幕会于2017年10月18日上午9:00在人民大会堂大礼堂举行。

习近平总书记代表十八届中央委员会向大会作了题为《决胜全面建成小康社会 夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利》(Secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era)的报告。

习近平指出,中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会,是在全面建成小康社会决胜阶段、中国特色社会主义进入新时代的关键时期召开的一次十分重要的大会。

大会的主题是:

不忘初心,牢记使命,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,决胜全面建成小康社会,夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利,为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦不懈奋斗。

Remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, and work tirelessly to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

习近平代表第十八届中央委员会向大会作的报告分13个部分:

一、过去五年的工作和历史性变革;

二、新时代中国共产党的历史使命;

三、新时代中国特色社会主义思想和基本方略;

四、决胜全面建成小康社会,开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程;

五、贯彻新发展理念,建设现代化经济体系;

六、健全人民当家作主制度体系,发展社会主义民主政治;

七、坚定文化自信,推动社会主义文化繁荣兴盛;

八、提高保障和改善民生水平,加强和创新社会治理;

九、加快生态文明体制改革,建设美丽中国;

十、坚持走中国特色强军之路,全面推进国防和军队现代化;

十一、坚持“一国两制”,推进祖国统一;

十二、坚持和平发展道路,推动构建人类命运共同体;

十三、坚定不移全面从严治党,不断提高党的执政能力和领导水平。

报告提出了四个重要判断,非常值得关注!

1、新时代

经过长期努力,中国特色社会主义进入了新时代,这是我国发展新的历史方位。

With decades of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This is a new historic juncture in China's development.

这个新时代,是承前启后、继往开来、在新的历史条件下继续夺取中国特色社会主义伟大胜利的时代,

This new era will be an era of building on past successes to further advance our cause, and of continuing in a new historical context to strive for the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

是决胜全面建成小康社会、进而全面建设社会主义现代化强国的时代,

It will be an era of securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and of moving on to all-out efforts to build a great modern socialist country.

是全国各族人民团结奋斗、不断创造美好生活、逐步实现全体人民共同富裕的时代,

It will be an era for the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to work together and work hard to create a better life for themselves and ultimately achieve common prosperity for everyone.

是全体中华儿女勠力同心、奋力实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦的时代,

It will be an era for all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, to strive with one heart to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

是我国日益走近世界舞台中央、不断为人类作出更大贡献的时代。

It will be an era that sees China moving closer to center stage and making greater contributions to mankind.

2、新思想

新时代中国特色社会主义思想明确了以下几点内容:

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes certain things clear:

新时代中国特色社会主义思想明确坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,总任务是实现社会主义现代化和中华民族伟大复兴,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,分两步走在本世纪中叶建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国;

It makes clear that the overarching goal of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and national rejuvenation, and, on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.

明确新时代我国社会主要矛盾是人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾,必须坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕;

It makes clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore continue commitment to our people-centered philosophy of development, and work to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone.

明确中国特色社会主义事业总体布局是“五位一体”、战略布局是“四个全面”,强调坚定道路自信、理论自信、制度自信、文化自信;

It makes clear that the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the five-sphere integrated plan, and the overall strategy is the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. It highlights the importance of fostering stronger confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

明确全面深化改革总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化;

It makes clear that the overall goal of deepening reform in every field is to improve and develop the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China's system and capacity for governance.

明确全面推进依法治国总目标是建设中国特色社会主义法治体系、建设社会主义法治国家;

It makes clear that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing law-based governance is to establish a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics and build a country of socialist rule of law.

明确党在新时代的强军目标是建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,把人民军队建设成为世界一流军队;

It makes clear that the Party's goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build the people's forces into world-class forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct.

明确中国特色大国外交要推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体;

It makes clear that major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics aims to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind.

明确中国特色社会主义最本质的特征是中国共产党领导,中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势是中国共产党领导,党是最高政治领导力量,提出新时代党的建设总要求,突出政治建设在党的建设中的重要地位。

It makes clear that the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership. The Thought sets forth the general requirements for Party building in the new era and underlines the importance of political work in Party building.

新时代中国特色社会主义思想,是对马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观的继承和发展,

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development.

是马克思主义中国化最新成果,是党和人民实践经验和集体智慧的结晶,

It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context, and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people.

是中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要组成部分,是全党全国人民为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗的行动指南,必须长期坚持并不断发展。

It is an important component of the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.

3、新矛盾

中国特色社会主义进入新时代,我国社会主要矛盾已经转化为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾。

As socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved. What we now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life.

必须认识到,我国社会主要矛盾的变化是关系全局的历史性变化,对党和国家工作提出了许多新要求。

We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and the country.

必须认识到,我国社会主要矛盾的变化,没有改变我们对我国社会主义所处历史阶段的判断,我国仍处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段的基本国情没有变,我国是世界最大发展中国家的国际地位没有变。

We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society does not change our assessment of the present stage of socialism in China. The basic dimension of the Chinese context — that our country is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism — has not changed. China's international status as the world's largest developing country has not changed.

4、新目标

综合分析国际国内形势和我国发展条件,从二〇二〇年到本世纪中叶可以分两个阶段来安排。

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the international and domestic environments and the conditions for China's development, we have drawn up a two-stage development plan for the period from 2020 to the middle of this century.

第一个阶段,从二〇二〇年到二〇三五年,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,再奋斗十五年,基本实现社会主义现代化。

In the first stage from 2020 to 2035, we will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society with a further 15 years of hard work to see that socialist modernization is basically realized.

第二个阶段,从二〇三五年到本世纪中叶,在基本实现现代化的基础上,再奋斗十五年,把我国建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国。

In the second stage from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, we will, building on having basically achieved modernization, work hard for a further 15 years and develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful.

 

文章来源:中国日报英语点津

图片来源:高品图像

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