当前位置: 发现  >  英语点津  > 正文

Astronomers have found a nearby "super-Earth" exoplanet that may be capable of supporting life as we know it.

天文学家发现附近有一颗“超级地球”外星球,据我们所知可能有生命存在。

An international group of astronomers discovered the planet using NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) earlier this year in the constellation Hydra, about 31 light-years from Earth, according to a statement by NASA.

NASA的一份声明称,今年早些时候一个国际天文学家团队利用NASA的凌日系外行星勘测卫星(TESS)在长蛇座发现了这颗星球,距离地球约31光年。

(One light-year is the distance light travels in a year, about 6 trillion miles, or 10 trillion kilometers.)

(1光年就是光传播一年所经过的距离,约6万亿英里,或10万亿千米。)

The exoplanet, named GJ 357 d, is believed to be around twice the size of Earth and harbor six times Earth's mass.

这颗称为GJ 357 d的外星球据认为大约有地球两倍大,质量为地球的六倍。

Located in the outer edge of its host star's "habitable zone," scientists believe that this super-Earth could have water on its surface.

这颗超级地球位于其主恒星“宜居带”的外缘,科学家认为它表面上会有水。

"If the planet has a dense atmosphere, which will take future studies to determine, it could trap enough heat to warm the planet and allow liquid water on its surface," Diana Kossakowski, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany, and co-author of the recent study, said in the statement.

德国海德堡的马克斯-普朗克天文研究所的研究员Diana Kossakowski是最近这项研究的共同作者,在声明中说:“这颗行星是否有稠密的大气层还有待未来研究进行考证,如果有,就可以吸收足够的热量来加热这颗行星,其表面上就会存在液态水。”

The potentially habitable planet and two neighboring worlds were found orbiting around a dwarf star, around a third the size and mass of our own sun and 40% cooler.

已发现这颗潜在的宜居星球和两颗临近的行星围绕一颗白矮星运行,这颗白矮星体积和质量约为太阳的三分之一,温度比太阳低40%。

TESS noticed that the light coming from this small star dims slightly every 3.9 days — a clue that an exoplanet may be transiting its face.

凌日系外行星勘测卫星注意到这颗小恒星发出的光每3.9天会暗淡一次,说明有一颗外星球可能正经过其表面。

That world is GJ 357 b, a "hot Earth" that orbits 11 times closer to its host star than Mercury does to the sun and likely has a surface temperature of around 490 degrees Fahrenheit (254 degrees Celsius).

这颗星球是GJ 357 b,被称为“热地球”,距离其主恒星的距离比水星与太阳的距离近11倍,表面温度可能约为490华氏度(254摄氏度)。

But GJ 357 b's possibly habitable neighbor planet soon stole the show.

但GJ 357 b旁边可能适宜居住的星球很快就抢占了风头。

Further observations showed that GJ 357 d orbits its star every 55.7 days at a distance of around a fifth of Earth's distance from the sun, and could have Earth-like conditions, according to a statement from Cornell University.

康奈尔大学的一份声明称,进一步的观察显示GJ 357 d围绕恒星的运行周期为55.7天,距离其主恒星的距离约为日地距离的五分之一,条件与地球相似。

文章来源:沪江英语

图片来源:高品图像

热门推荐 换一换

市场合作联系

联系人靳华
电话010-62927777-6236
QQ24809762
E-mailjinhua#wps.cn / jinhua#kingsoft.com

广告合作联系

联系人蔡先生
电话0756-3335688-2616
QQ785649026
E-mailcailong@kingsoft.com