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Pandemic Meaning

Pandemic的含义

A pandemic is a worldwide situation that is a connection to a disease, or viral outbreak. A pandemic is declared when a certain disease or virus or bacteria strain spreads through a large portion of the world. This a very critical situation for the safety of all people across the world, and is not declared easily.

大流行是一种与疾病或病毒爆发有关的全球性情况。当某种疾病、病毒或细菌株在世界的大部分地区传播时,即为大流行。对于全世界人民的安全来说,这是一个非常危急的局势,不会轻易公布。

Pandemics in History

历史上的大流行疾病

There have been numerous pandemics in history. Some of the famous being the Plague in the 14th century, the Spanish Flu in 1918, the AIDS epidemic fairly recently.

历史上曾发生过无数次大流行病。其中一些著名的是14世纪的瘟疫,1918年的西班牙流感,最近流行的艾滋病。

A pandemic can only be declared when the disease spreads easily, /it affects many different age groups, /and there is no concrete cure at the time of spreading.

大流行疾病只有当这种病很容易传播,/它影响许多不同的年龄组,/而且在传播时还没有具体的治疗方法时会被宣告。

These diseases are lethal which means that many people die. And because of this ease of spreading and ease of transmission, it affects the entire world.

这些疾病是致命的,这意味着许多人死亡。由于这种传播和传播的便利性,它影响了整个世界。

Is the Coronavirus disease a pandemic?

冠状病毒病是大流行吗?

Yes! The Coronavirus disease is a pandemic. The virus has all the characteristics of a pandemic disease. It’s very easy to contract, easy to spread, and in many cases, the effects result in death. It has affected over 3 000 000 people as of now, and there is no known cure or vaccine. The coronavirus is a pandemic not only because of the number of infected people, but because it’s an airborne disease. This means that it’s transmitted through the air, as well as by touch. This is the most dangerous kind of disease.

对!冠状病毒病是一种流行病。这种病毒具有大流行性疾病的所有特征。它很容易收缩,很容易传播,而且在很多情况下,这种影响会导致死亡。到目前为止,它已经影响了超过300万人,而且还没有已知的治疗方法或疫苗。冠状病毒之所以大流行,不仅是因为受感染人数众多,而且因为它是一种空气传播疾病。这意味着它可以通过空气传播,也可以通过触摸。这是最危险的疾病。

Are Pandemic and Epidemic synonyms?

大流行病和流行病是同义词吗?

No, pandemic and epidemic are not synonyms. An epidemic is a serious case of a widespread disease. It’s the first stage of a pandemic. A pandemic is the final stage where a disease has reached a critical level that it’s dangerous to the entire world. A country can have an epidemic, a larger territory as well. A pandemic encompasses all people across the entire world, or a very large area such as an entire continent at least.

不,大流行病和流行病不是同义词。流行病是一种广泛传播疾病的严重病例。这是大流行的第一阶段。大流行是一种疾病达到对整个世界都危险的临界水平的最后阶段。一个国家可以有流行病,也可以有更大的领土。大流行包括全世界的所有人,或者至少包括整个大陆这样一个非常大的地区。

Are Pandemic and The Plague the same thing?

大流行和瘟疫是同一回事吗?

No, they are not the same thing. The Plague is one of the most famous, and most deadly pandemics in human history. It has killed between 75 and 200 000 000 people in the 14th century. The Plague is a pandemic, and any other world-threatening disease can be a pandemic.

不,它们不是一回事。鼠疫是人类历史上最著名、最致命的流行病之一。在14世纪,它已经杀死了75万到20万人。鼠疫是一种流行病,任何其他威胁世界的疾病都可能是一种流行病。

How does a Pandemic disease spread?

大流行性疾病如何传播?

A pandemic disease can spread in various ways. The only important factor when determining if a disease is a pandemic is how easy it spreads. AIDS spreads through sexual intercourse, but it spreads easily and it’s considered an epidemic. The coronavirus is one of the most deadly pandemics because it spreads through the air or by touch alone. The spread of a disease is based on what kind of disease it is. It may be a bacterial infection, a virus, or a type of influenza. They all spread differently and some harder, others easier. The easier it spreads the more deadly it is.

大流行性疾病可以以各种方式传播。在确定一种疾病是否是一种流行病时,唯一重要的因素是它传播的容易程度。艾滋病通过性交传播,但它很容易传播,被认为是一种流行病。冠状病毒是最致命的流行病之一,因为它通过空气传播或单独接触传播。疾病的传播是基于什么样的疾病。它可能是细菌感染、病毒或流感。它们的传播方式各不相同,有些更难,有些更容易。它越容易传播就越致命。

文章来源:沪江英语

Photo by Andreas Weiland on Unsplash

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