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【今日热词】

fine[faɪn]

adj.好的,上等的; 纤细的,精致的; 健康的; 晴朗的

n.罚款; [音乐]终止; 晴天; 地租

vt.罚款; 澄清

adv.很好地; 巧妙地

●高中/CET4/CET6

 

【拓展讲解】

"How are you?" "Fine,thank you. And you?"这段对话大家是不是非常熟悉,一看就想到自己初学英语的时光呢?这句看似简单的话里,其实有一个我们忽视已久的词:fine。仔细查一查词典,这个简单的词的含义是如此丰富。除了好的健康的,它还有终止、罚款这样的含义。

 

今天我们要带来的新闻就是大家熟知的瑞幸因不正当竞争挨罚,用到了fine的动词含义,罚款,今天的素材里既用到该动词的主动语态,又用到它的被动语态。

 

fine本身就是一个词根: fine=limit,boundary,end 表示"结束,范围,界限,限制",相关的词汇有:

confine con全部+fine限制→全部限制

 

补充一些相关短语:

a fine example of sth …的优秀典范

to be fine 身体健康

there's a fine line between sth and sth 某事物和某事物之间只有一线之隔

the fine detail of sth …的细微之处;…的细节

a fine figure of a man/woman 身材好的男子/女子

be doing fine 干得不错;身体健康

to impose a fine on sb 罚某人款

 

【双语报道】

The State Administration for Market Regulation fined five companies, including Luckin Coffee China Co Ltd, two million yuan ($297,000) each for unfair competition.

市场监管总局对瑞幸咖啡(中国)有限公司等五家公司分别处以罚款200万元,原因是它们有不正当竞争行为。

 

The administration issued an administrative penalty decision on Monday stating Luckin Coffee China and Luckin Coffee Beijing, between April and Dec of last year, collaborated with multiple third-party companies to fabricate 123 million false coffee orders.

市场监管总局10月12日发布行政处罚决定书,称去年4月至12月,瑞幸咖啡(中国)有限公司、瑞幸咖啡(北京)有限公司在多家第三方公司帮助下,累计制作虚假卡券订单1.23亿单。

 

Luckin Coffee had hired individuals and enterprises to make orders, adding false income and forging banking transaction records, which deceived and misled consumers, according to the administration.

行政处罚决定书显示,瑞幸咖啡采用"个人及企业刷单造假",虚增收入,伪造银行流水,欺骗误导消费者。

 

The administration has ordered the coffee chain to cease its illegal activities.

市场监管总局责令瑞幸咖啡停止违法行为。

 

文章来源:Chinadaily/金山词霸

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