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随身英语

Food and mood 吃什么会影响你的情绪

我们当中的大多数人都喜欢吃东西,不论是喜好巧克力,还是对蛋糕情有独钟,那些被我们吃进肚子的食物其实会影响我们的情绪。科学家们最新发现了食物与人的情绪之间的关联。本期《随身英语》就来讨论食物到底是在如何左右我们的感觉和情绪。

课文内容

Vocabulary: health 词汇: 健康

Cosuming food can be a pleasurable thing – we enjoy feasting on the mix of tastes and textures and it stops us feeling hungry too. Of course, food also gives us energy and the vitamins and minerals that our body needs. It's no wonder we spend so much time preparing and eating food. But what many of us don't consider is how our emotions are affected by what we put into our bellies.

For me, it's the unhealthy foods that put a smile on my face – chocolate, cakes and ice cream – well, I do have a sweet tooth! It might seem obvious that food that's bad for our waistline, usually makes us happy, at least in the short term. Most of us get this feeling when we use food as a quick pick-me-up. But dieticians tell us that eating bad food long term, not only makes us put on weight but can lead to other health conditions such as diabetes, and it can also affect our mental state and bring on depression.

The link between our mind and food has been looked at by scientists.They've recently found that it's the bacteria in our gut that affects our mood. It's thought we have 39 trillion of these simple, small organisms in our body. Researchers at McMaster University in Canada and University College Cork in Ireland, have found that certain 'good' bacteria help reduce anxiety in mice. And researchers at Kyushu University also found that germs help reduce stress and anxiety in mice. Experts believe that, for us humans, this means food with 'good' bacteria can improve the way we feel.

Many food products are claiming to be high in this 'good' bacteria and some of the best types are homemade fermented food like miso soup, yoghurt and sauerkraut. This really makes me think twice about what I eat – maybe I should change my diet to perk me up! Doctor Michael Mosley would agree. He's been looking into this for the BBC and says the best food to cheer us up is in a "Mediterranean diet. Olive oil; oily fish, full of omega 3, which is really good for the brain; whole grains; lots of fruits and vegetables. Sugar: terrible for you!"

So maybe it's time to lay off the fatty and sugary things. Eating healthily may seem simple, even if the science behind it is complex. It's not rocket science but this is further evidence for the saying 'we are what we eat' – the person we are is determined by the food we eat. There are other factors that can change our mood but it seems we have some ability to improve how we feel by controlling what we put on our plate. Does your diet affect your mood?

词汇表

pleasurable 令人愉快的
belly 肚子,腹部
a smile on one’s face 某人面带微笑
sweet tooth 爱吃甜食,对甜食喜爱
pick-me-up 使人兴奋的饮品或食品
dietician 营养师
diabetes 糖尿病
mental state 精神状态
depression 抑郁,沮丧
bacteria 细菌(bacterium 的复数)
gut 肠道,消化道
organism 生物体,有机体
anxiety 不安,焦虑
germ 细菌,病菌
stress 压力
fermented 发酵的
sauerkraut 泡菜
perk somebody up 使某人提起精神,使某人活跃起来
omega 3 奥米茄三脂肪酸
lay off 戒掉
'we are what we eat' “吃什么像什么”

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What does the author mean when he says unhealthy food, such as cakes, is bad for your waistline?  

2. Approximately how many bacteria are thought to be in our body?

3. What kind of bacteria do scientists believe will put us in a good mood?

4. What phrase does the author use to mean carefully consider what you do at the moment or what you are planning to do is a good idea?

5. According to Doctor Michael Mosley, where in the world is food containing 'good' bacteria mostly found?

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. Having a ______ could be a bit cheaper for Finns in future, after the government announced it will remove a tax on confectionery and ice cream from 2017.

diabetes       pick-me-up       sweet tooth       mental state

2. The sportsman has announced his retirement from swimming, because the brutal training regime led to ______.

depressing       depression       depressed       depresion   

3. Research shows there are more ______ on your phone screen than on a toilet seat.

omega 3       guts       germs       bacteria

4. The vet has asked the cat's owner to ______ the treats as Garfield, who weighs 6.6kg, is overweight.

lay off       lay over       lay out       lay down

5. A plan to have dogs in the workplace will help reduce workers' ______ and fatigue.

germs       perk me up       pleasure       stress

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What does the author mean when he says unhealthy food, such as cakes, is bad for your waistline?
They make you fat; your waistline gets bigger!

2. Approximately how many bacteria are thought to be in our body?
It's thought we have 39 trillion of these simple, small organisms in our body.

3. What kind of bacteria do scientists believe will put us in a good mood?
'Good' bacteria.

4. What phrase does the author use to mean carefully consider what you do at the moment or what you are planning to do is a good idea?
'Think twice'.  He says 'This really makes me think twice about what I eat.'

5. According to Doctor Michael Mosley, where in the world is food containing 'good' bacteria mostly found?
The Mediterranean – a Mediterranean diet. Olive oil; oily fish, full of omega 3, which is really good for the brain; whole grains; lots of fruits and vegetables.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. Having a sweet tooth could be a bit cheaper for Finns in future, after the government announced it will remove a tax on confectionery and ice cream from 2017.

2. The sportsman has announced his retirement from swimming, because the brutal training regime led to depression.

3. Research shows there are more germs on your phone screen than on a toilet seat.

4. The vet has asked the cat's owner to lay off the treats as Garfield, who weighs 6.6kg, is overweight.

5. A plan to have dogs in the workplace will help reduce workers' stress and fatigue.


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