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'One-stop shops' set to speed up cancer diagnosis 英国设立“一站式”体检中心 加快癌症诊断速度

英国国家医疗服务体系(NHS)在英格兰各地引进多个旨在加快癌症诊断速度的“一站式体检服务中心”。这一举措的目的是更早查出疾病并防止患者因症状不同而被转去接受不同类型的化验检查,耽误病情。英国国家医疗服务体系表示,这个“一步变化”将会改变疑似癌症患者的诊断及治疗方式。这类快速的诊断和癌症将救助癌症患者的生命。

文字稿

While cancer survival rates have improved dramatically, patients who aren't displaying very obvious signs of the illness sometimes struggle to access quickly the help they need.

Those with vague, non-specific symptoms, such as unexplained weight loss or abdominal pain, can be referred several times for different tests for different cancers.

So NHS England is now adopting an approach first developed in Denmark by introducing ten specialist rapid diagnostic and assessment centres. The aim is that every patient is either diagnosed or given the all-clear within 28 days.

英国的癌症存活率近年来已有了极大的提高。未表现出明显癌症症状的患者有时很难快速得到他们所需要的帮助。

有模糊或非特定性症状的病人,包括原因不明的消瘦、腹痛,可能会被全科医生转诊去做不同癌症的多项专科化验。

因此,英国国家医疗服务体系英格兰分部先开始采用一项由丹麦开发的体制,引入了十个专科快速诊断和评估中心。他们的目标是在28天内,能给每个病人确诊或完全解除“警报”。

1. 词汇表

survival rates 存活率,生存率
displaying 表现(症状)
obvious signs 明显迹象
access 获取、得到
vague 模糊的,不明确的
non-specific 非特定的
unexplained 原因不明的
weight loss 体重下降
abdominal pain 腹痛
referred 被转诊
diagnostic 用于诊断的
assessment centres 评估中心
the all-clear 解除警报

2. 阅读理解:请在读完上文后,回答下列问题 。

1. Which country first developed the 'one-stop shop' approach?

2. What is the aim of the diagnostic and assessment centres?

3. True or false? Patients with vague, non-specific symptoms can access quickly the help they need.

4. Which word in the text is a synonym of 'quick'?

3. 答案

1. Which country first developed the 'one-stop shop' approach?
The country that first developed the approach is Denmark.

2. What is the aim of the diagnostic and assessment centres?
The aim is that every patient is either diagnosed or given the all-clear within 28 days.

3. True or false? Patients with vague, non-specific symptoms can access quickly the help they need.
False. According to the text, Patients who aren't displaying very obvious signs of the illness sometimes struggle to access quickly the help they need.

4. Which word in the text is a synonym of 'quick'?
Rapid.


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