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英语小测验

小测验 — 和 “计算机安全” 有关的词汇

在网络技术迅速发展的现代社会中,保护个人信息的安全非常重要。比如,有些人为了不丢失数据而选择给它们 “备份” — “备份” 用英语怎么说?试做本集《英语小测验》,学习和网络隐私、计算机安全有关的表达。

1. To keep the information on your computer safe, it’s important to have a strong ______.

a) safe-word

b) secure-word

c) password

d) access-word

2. It’s a good idea to create a ______ of your data in case your computer is lost, broken or stolen.

a) copy-up

b) back-up

c) safety measure

d) protect disk

3. People who access computer systems without permission are known as ______.

a) thwackers

b) trackers

c) frackers

d) crackers

4. Software that is designed to damage or gain access to a computer system without the user knowing is ______.

a) freeware

b) malware

c) shareware

d) badware

5. Software that secretly records what you do on your computer is called a(n) ______.

a) button-presser

b) number-cruncher

c) keylogger

d) history

6. This kind of software can copy itself into computer programs for harmful reasons.

a) bacteria

b) disease

c) virus

d) germ

答案

1) c, 2) b, 3) d, 4) b, 5) c, 6) c.


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