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英语小测验

小测验 — 英语被动语态

在英语中,被动语态 “passive voice” 可以在不提及动作执行者的情况下说明一件事情发生的情况。如果想指明执行动作的人或事物,则应该在谓语动词和动作执行者的中间加上介词 “by”,表示 “被……,由……” 的意思。怎样把主动语态转换成被动语态?被动语态的构成结构是否随时态而变化?试做下面的八道题,通过习题巩固被动语态的相关知识。

1. Which of the following sentences is the passive form of this active sentence?

A: They are questioning the suspect about the crimes.

a) The suspect is questioned about the crimes.

b) The suspect is being questioned about the crimes.

c) The suspect was questioned about the crimes.

d) The suspect was being questioned about the crimes.

2. The hotel _______ when it was burgled.

a) was being renovated

b) is being renovated

c) is renovated

d) has been renovated

3. _______ she will now enter the race to become the next American president.

a) It is being believed that

b) It is believed that

c) The public are believing that

d) The public believed that

4. Which of the following sentences is the correct passive form of this active sentence?
If the police hadn’t arrived to stop the gangs, there would have been a riot.

a) If by the police the gangs hadn’t been stopped, there would have been a riot.

b) If the police hadn’t stopped the gangs, there would have been a riot.

c) If the gangs hadn’t by the police been stopped, there would have been a riot.

d) If the gangs hadn’t been stopped, there would have been a riot.

5. Which of the following sentences is the correct passive form of this active sentence?
People think the animal is a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

a) The animal is a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

b) It’s a lion that has escaped from the local zoo.

c) It is thought that the animal that has escaped from the local zoo is a lion.

d) The lion escaped from the local zoo, people say.

6. Complete sentence B using the passive version of sentence A.
A: The basketball players raised the issue after team practice.
B: The issue _______ by the basketball players after team practice.

a) was raised

b) has been raised

c) is being raised

d) had been raised

7. Which of the following sentences is a correct passive sentence?

a) The actor left the theatre and her fans greeted her outside.

b) The actor left the theatre and outside her fans greeted her.

c) The actor left the theatre and was greeted outside by fans.

d) The actor left the theatre and her fans were greeting her outside.

8. Which of the following sentences is not a correct passive sentence?

a) I’m impressed by his great skill in music production.

b) She is said to be among the most accomplished film directors of her generation.

c) If the letter hadn’t been sent, she would never have known.

d) They are holding a conference next month in Rio de Janeiro.

答案

1) b, 2) a, 3) b, 4) d, 5) c, 6) a, 7) c, 8) d.


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