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Across 有一个意思 字典里找不到

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内容简介

介词 “across” 大家都很熟悉,不过它有一个用法在字典里可找不到。过马路 “across a road” 很容易,但如何才能 “across a plan”?菲菲和 Rob 在本集节目中介绍英国人在对话中怎么用单词 “across” 。

文字稿

Feifei
大家好!欢迎来到 BBC英语教学的 “地道英语” 节目。我是冯菲菲。

Rob
…and I'm Rob. And today, we’re going to use a common word in a slightly different way. It’s a preposition you’ve no doubt known for a long time. 

Feifei
是的,我们要来讲讲介词 “across”。大家所熟悉的 “across” 的用法包括:Rob is sitting across from me. Rob 坐在我的对面。“Across” 在这里的意思是 “在……对面”。

Rob
Or… this food is popular across China.

Feifei
This food is popular across China. 这种食物在整个中国都很受欢迎。这里,“across” 的意思是 “在……各处,遍及”。But what about this: Rob, are you across the plan for tonight’s event?

Rob
You’re not asking me if I’m sitting across, or on the other side from, a plan, are you?

Feifei
No, when we use ‘across’ in this way, it actually means: to be familiar with. 在上面那句话中,我问道:“Rob, are you across the plan for tonight’s event?” 这里,“across” 的意思是 “熟悉、了解、清楚” 一件事情的细节或前因后果。也就是说,我问 Rob:“你知道今天的晚上活动细节吗?”

Rob
We often talk about being across a subject. Especially a subject that is complex or changing. It indicates you know all the important things about the subject.

Feifei
在想表达了解、知道、清楚一件事情或一个情况的时候,我们就可以说:I’m across it. 尤其是当这件事情比较复杂而且在不断地变化中。这里用 “I’m across it.” 来表明我们知道关于这件事情的所有重要的细节。Right, let’s listen to some examples to help clarify how we use it.

Examples
Professor Zhang is a specialist in the European economy. He’s across all the latest developments.

A: Did you come to last week’s meeting?
B: Afraid not, no.
A: OK, so you’re not across the new plan. Let me give you a quick summary.

A: Pete, I want to make sure you’re across the food for tomorrow. Now remember, two of our guests are vegetarian.
B: Got it. 

Feifei
这里是 BBC英语教学的 “地道英语” 节目。在这集节目中,我们教给大家 “across” 这个词在字典里找不到的一个用法 —— 用 “across” 来表示对某事 “了解、清楚”。I hope you’re now across how we use this word - across.

Rob
Yes, you’re across ‘across’, so to speak!

Feifei
Anyway, as I was asking earlier, Rob, are you across the plan for tonight’s event?

Rob
Errr. That was just an example of how to use this phrase, right?

Feifei
No, you really don’t know about it?

Rob
What event?

Feifei
This isn’t good. I thought you had sent out all the invitations?

Rob
What are you talking about, Feifei?

Feifei
Just kidding. There’s no event tonight. 

Rob
That’s not funny! Now getting back to the subject, if you want to stay across all the latest slang, English expressions, do remember to listen to Authentic Real English.

Feifei
Bye.

Rob
That really wasn’t funny.


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