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英语小测验

小测验 — 将来完成时和将来进行时

英语中的将来完成时(future perfect)和将来进行时(future continuous)都是用来谈论未来事情的时态,那么应如何区分和正确使用它们呢?将来完成时用来说明某个事情会在未来的一个时间点之前完成,它的基本结构为:主语 + will + have + 动词的过去分词。将来进行时用来谈论在未来一个时间点开始,并持续进行的动作或持续发生的事情,其基本结构为:主语 + will + be + 动词的现在分词。请参考以上的讲解,做辨析这两个时态的八道测验题。

1. Our exciting new project starts next month. The architects _______ the building in a mixture of Art Deco and Art Nouveau styles.

a) design

b) will have designed

c) will have been designing

d) will be designing

2. A: How long do you think it will take to reach the top of this mountain?

B: I think we _______ the top before the end of the week. Then we can take a selfie!

a) will have reached

b) will be reaching

c) will have been reaching

d) will have been reached

3. Due to rising sea levels, scientists have predicted that islands like the Maldives _______ completely by the year 2100.

a) will be disappearing

b) will have been disappearing

c) will have disappeared

d) will be going to disappear

4. For the next three months, Azalia _______ her new documentary on Artificial Intelligence.

a) will have been researching

b) will have researched

c) will be going to research

d) will be researching

5. Yun _______ six new scenes for his movie script by the end of the week.

a) will be writing

b) will have written

c) will have been writing

d) will be going to write

6. When I get to Lisbon next month, I _______ for an apartment straight away.

a) will be looking

b) will have looked

c) will have been looking

d) look

7. Which of the following sentences is NOT the future continuous?

a) Will you be working late tomorrow?

b) I will be flying to Mexico City next Tuesday.

c) Nia will have paid off her bank loan by 2020.

d) I’ll be cleaning the house for the next couple of days.

8. Which of the following sentences is NOT the future perfect?

a) Natasha said she’ll have sat her physics exam by the end of the week.

b) I will have finished my French course in three weeks time.

c) When will she have learnt to ride a horse in a race?

d) By the year 2030, most people will be working from home.

答案

1) d, 2) a, 3) c, 4) d, 5) b, 6) a, 7) c, 8) d.